Special Issue “Advanced energy storage, conversion and application materials”

Special Issue Editor

Xiubo Xie ,

* Correspondence: xiuboxie@ytu.edu.cn

School of Environmental and Material Engineering, Yantai University, No. 30 Qingquan Road, Shandong, 264005, China

Interests: Hydrogen generation and storage materials: Developing high performance hydrogen generation and storage materials, studying the mechanism of reaction of hydrogen and materials; Supercapacitors: Focusing on carbon-based materials derived from various biomass carbonization methods, as well as carbon-containing electrode materials such as metal sulfide, oxides, etc. Microwave absorption materials: Constructing effective microwave absorbers with light weight, strong absorption, thin thickness, and broad frequency characteristics to weaken the negative influences of electromagnetic radiation (Especially magnetic metals and their oxides). 

Special Issue Information

Aim and Scope: With rapid consumption of traditional fossil energy and increasingly environmental pollution all over the world,  developing effective energy storage, conversion and application materials is a hot research area nowadays. In the past decades, new energy technologies, such as hydrogen production, fuel cells and supercapacitors provide alternative way for future energy supply and utilization. To promote the commercialization process of the alternative energies, this special issue collects papers of clean energy storage and conversion devices, and provides researchers with an in-depth understanding of recent difficulties and progress in production, storage and application of clean energy.

Subtopics: Hydrogen generation, storage and applications; Supercapacitors including electrode material and electrode-electrolyte; Advanced fuel cells; Lithium ion, Sodium ion and metal air battery technology;

Keywords: Hydrogen generation and storage; Supercapacitors; Fuel cells; Renewable energy; Lithium ion battery technology;  Energy conversion devices.

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020

Manuscript Submission Information

All submissions to Materials International should be made at review@materials.international. The corresponding author has the responsibility of the manuscript during the submission and peer-reviewing process. Please do not forget to state in the email “Subject” the title of this special issue.

Submission Checklist

  1. read the Aim & Scope to gain an overview and assess if your manuscript is suitable for this journal;
  2. use the Microsoft Word Template to prepare your manuscript;
  3. make sure that issues about publication ethics, copyright, authorship, figure formats, data and references format have been appropriately considered;
  4. please try to cite only articles with DOI (digital object identifier); also add DOI for each reference;
  5. please add at least 10 references from the last 2 years (2018-2019) in order to highlight the novelty of your work;
  6. ensure that all authors have approved the content of the submitted manuscript.

Published papers

This special issue is now open for submission.

Planned Papers

(1) Experimental study on the performance improvement for AO-LTPEMFC with different design parameters of gas diffusion layer

Research paper

Chen Zhao *, Shuang Xing, Wei Liu, Ming Chen, Jing Jiang, Haijiang Wang

* Chen Zhao (Corresponding Author)., Southern University of science and technology, Shenzhen 518055, China. E-mail:zhaochen913@163.com  tel.:+86-10-18911566376 

Shuang Xing, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China

Wei Liu, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China

Ming Chen, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China

Jing Jiang, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China

Haijiang Wang, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China


Air-cooled open-cathode LTPEMFC (AO-LTPEMFC) have been developed as a new power source for UAV. However, the AO-LTPEMFC appears the lower cell performance than the liquid cooled fuel cell due to poor operating conditions and unsuitable gas diffusion layer (GDL). The single fuel cell was assembled to investigate the effect of the substrate layer and micro porous layer (MPL) with different polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) content, the thickness of GDL and the pulse width modulation (PWM) of the fan, as well as the cathode outlet surface temperature distribution on the single cell performance. The results showed that the performance of the cell with the GDL of appropriate PTFE content in the substrate layer and MPL could be optimized significantly. Furthermore, the reasons for the performance improvement were verified by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and the dynamic voltage test. In addition, the thickness of the GDL also has a certain impact on the mass and heat transfer of the fuel cell, while the water management in GDL will be affected by PWM of fan, simultaneously. Combined with practice process, the optimum values of the substrate layer PTFE content, MPL layer PTFE content and thickness of GDL were identified to be 10%, 40% and 200um, respectively.

Keywords: Gas diffusion layer (GDL), MPL, Substrate layer, PTFE content, Thickness, Air-cooled open cathode LT- PEMFC

(2) A programmable proton exchange membrane fuel cell emulator based on a DC-DC synchronous buck converter

Research paper

Chao-Tsung Ma* and Zen-Yu Tsai

Department of Electrical Engineering, CEECS, National United University, Miaoli 36063, Taiwan

*Correspondence: ctma@nuu.edu.tw; Tel.: +886-37-382482; Fax: +886-37-382488


In the development of fuel cell (FC) systems and related control technologies, it is convenient to employ FC emulators instead of using real FC systems for the testing of various parameters and operating conditions. This paper proposes a low-cost, fast-response, and programmable proton exchange membrane FC (PEMFC) hardware emulator based on a two-switch DC-DC synchronous buck converter and a digital signal processor (DSP). The V-I characteristics and control signals of the emulated PEMFC are determined through system analysis, modeling, and digitalization of the PEMFC model. The developed PEMFC model is then made into a programmable user-interface module through C programming. The programmable digital module can be directly embedded into the DSP for simulation studies and experimental tests on various hardware integrated implementations of FCs. Results obtained from simulations and hardware tests are in good consistent with each other and both prove the correctness and effectiveness of the developed converter based PEMFC emulator.

Keywords: proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) emulator, digital signal processor (DSP), DC-DC synchronous buck converter.