Special Issue Editor
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Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia
Interests: Solar Powder Metallurgy: Concentrated solar power used for for preparation of Ti and Ti composites, solar shock treatment of steel with deposited TiB2 layer, nitridation of Ti using solar furnace. Metal matrix composites, focused on physical and mechanical properties, copper – graphite/CNTS/grahene materials. Ti powder metallurgy, Ti composites. Metallic foams,powder metallurgy route, measurement and modelling of mechanical and physical properties. Electro spark deposition of coating layers such as TiB2, WC-Co, etc., on Ti, Ti alloys, Al, Al alloys, steels.
Special Issue Information
Aim and Scope: Renewable solar energy is one of the possible ways to decrease our impact on climate changes. Recent works worldwide starts to be focusing on applicability of Concentrated Solar Power in all aspects of our activities. A lot of work is done to use Concentrated Solar Power in industrial technologies instead of electrical energy during technological processes for example in desalination, plastic waste treatment, chemical and biological cleaning. Moreover, as indicate already published results of SFERA and SFERA 2 EU funded projects, Concentrated Solar Power can be also used directly in ore preheating, refinement and metallurgy of materials. In addition the solar energy can be used in materials science for sintering, reaction synthesis, heat treatment, surface treatment, composite preparation, welding, etc..
We kindly invite you to submit a manuscript(s) for this Special Issue. Full papers, communications, and reviews are all welcome.
Subtopics: Concentrated solar power; Materials preparation; Industrial technologies; Renewable energy; Climate changes.
Keywords: concentrated solar power; materials science; renewable energy; industrial technologies; metallurgy.
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2020
Manuscript Submission Information
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This special issue is now open for submission.
(1) The status of the riparian forests in the Naryn Valley in Kyrgyzstan: Development prospects of the renewable energy
N.Degembaevaa, E.Baibagyshova, K.Akmatova, B.Aiypova, N.Chorobaevaa, N.Ibraevaa, W.Zornerb, K.Mehtad , B.Cyffkac, F.Betzc, M.Lauermannc
aNaryn State University named after S.Naamatov
b Technische Hochschule Ingolstadtc Catholic University Eichstaett-Ingolstadt
Conservation and restoration of riparian forests is important for strengthening of river banks and preserving the biodiversity. Increasing temperature and climate variability, flooding and drought, alteration of the intensity of precipitation and melting glaciers in high mountain areas affect the physical conditions of natural resources. Climate change might cause larger and potentially hazardous summer floods. In this paper, we study the current state of natural resources and the benefits of floodplain forests in the Naryn Valley. We analyzed ecosystem services provided by floodplain forests in a comprehensive way including ecosystem structures and process as well as an energy efficiency of household buildings. The methodology of the study includes exploration of the condition of riparian forests by using remote sensing, GIS, and questionnaire. Reducing the negative impacts of climate change and mitigating anthropogenic influences on ecosystems should be a priority task building upon the involvement of stakeholders. Understanding the activities of local people leading to a degradation of floodplain areas is not enough to avoid the loss of existing forests. The community needs to adapt to new conditions being the consequence of extreme events caused by climate change. They need to find alternative ways of living maintenance independently from the forest. We elaborate recommendations for the possible replacement of timber resources by renewable energy and efficient technologies promoting the decrease of demand and the development of clean energy supply. In the pilot site, the use of solar energy and biomass should become a priority to ensure the energy security of the population in the high mountain regions of Kyrgyzstan.
Subtopics: Concentrated solar power. Renewable energy. Climate change.
Keywords: riparian forest, ecosystem service, degradation, climate change, renewable energy.
(2) Concentrated Solar Power in industrial technologies, metallurgy and materials science
Jiewu Song1,4, Xiaolong Liu1,2,3,4*, Yangyang Dang1, Xuesong Li1 and Xutang Tao1*
1State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, No. 27 Shanda South Road, Jinan 250000, P. R. China
2Key Laboratory of Photochemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China4These authors contributed equally
Abstract: Metal halide perovskites (MHP) have emerged as state-of-art photovoltaic candidates owing to their remarkable semiconductor properties, excellent compatibility and low-cost solution processing, which enables a rapid increase in power conversion efficiency (PCE, radiative power to electrical power) reaching a world record value of 27.7%. Scale-up fabrication techniques is a crucial point of the perovskite solar cell, which acts as a prerequisite for commercialization. In this Review, we provide a comprehensive overview of MHP solar cell from the viewpoint of materials science, fabrication, encapsulation and modularization technologies. Finally, future research directions and challenges toward practical applications of such solar power are provided to give an outlook on this emerging field.